Ian Campbell


        Picture of Ian Campbell

PhD student

My research interest is the environmental impacts of offshore wind farms. I am particularly interested in floating wind technology and working with industry and government to develop a research protocol and methodologies for streamlining the environmental impact assessment process for future, commercial-scale floating wind farms. 

Contact details:

Floating Wind Farms as Vectors for Invasive Non-Native Species

Over the past 30 years’ offshore wind farms have introduced unprecedented levels of hard substrate into the North Sea, significantly changing the biota of the coastline around the British Isles. Despite this ‘urbanisation’ of marine habitats there has been limited accompanying research into the role of hard substrate foundations as dispersal pathways for biological invasion and their temporal impacts on native biodiversity.

Floating wind turbines deployed in highly energetic, deep-water environments produce very different hydrodynamic conditions compared to those which are bottom-fixed in near shore, shallow water coastlines. Furthermore, the assembly transportation and installation process is significantly different to those which are permanently fixed to the seabed, representing unquantified pathways for the introduction of INNS.

My research objectives are to

  • >Baseline non-native species in harbours and marinas on the south-west coast of Norway and the north-east coast of Scotland
  • >Monitor seasonal variation in reproduction and growth and changes in INNS occurrence at both study sites
  • Install in situ experiments on Hywind Scotland to monitor the occurrence of ‘hitchhiking’ INNS
  • >Collaborate with Statoil ASA and the Scottish Government to review the biosecurity measures and environmental monitoring techniques for supporting future floating and offshore marine developments.

 

Supervisors

Dr. Elizabeth J Cottier-Cook (Director of Studies), SAMS

Dr. Jennifer Loxton, Environmental Research Institute

Dr. Andrew Blight, University of St Andrews

 

Funders

Statoil ASA

Energy Technology Partnership

Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology

Scottish Natural Heritage

 

University

SAMS and University of the Highlands and Islands

Awards

Winner of the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology (IMarEST)’s Stanley Gray Fellowship

2016 Best Presentation Marine Session ETP Annual Conference

2016 University of the Highlands and Islands Research Conference and Training Fund to present a poster at the 17th Biennial Conference of the Challenger Society for Marine Science

2017 University of the Highlands and Islands Research Conference and Training Fund to give an oral presentation at the 20th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species

Conference talks

20th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species 2017

Poster presentations

17th Biennial Conference of the Challenger Society for Marine Science 2016

5th Annual Conference of the Energy Technology Partnership 2016

Fieldwork experience

2016 Rapid Assessment Survey of harbours and marinas along the Moray Firth on the north- east coast of Scotland and the Sunnhordland district on the south-west coast of Norway

2017 Collecting water and crushed samples of marine fouling for e DNA analysis to detect the presence of marine invasive non-native species in harbours and marinas

2017 – Collecting biofouling samples from vessel hulls involved in the assembly, transport and installation of Hywind Scotland Floating Wind Farm

Professional memberships

Energy Technology Partnership

Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology

Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland

Challenger Society for Marine Science

Marine Biological Association, UK

British Ecological Society

Chartered Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management

Professional training courses

"Integrating molecules with taxonomy and systematics: an introductory molecular phylogenetics course for species identification and evolutionary analysis"

National History Museum and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Qualifications

2014 MSc Climate Change Impacts and Sustainability. Brunel University London

 

Relevant employment history

Since 2016 PhD researcher. SAMS